Wilbur's Music Tutorial #2
NOTES...Sound and Pitch
NOTES: indicate what musical sound (or pitch) should be played and how
long it should be held.
The placement of the note on a line or space on the staff indicates
which musical sound (or pitch) should be played.
Each line and space has a pitch associated with it, and each pitch
is represented by an alphabetic character.
In the following illustration you will see notes arranged on the
Grand Staff (both Bass and Treble Clefs). You will also see the
alphabetic letter associated with each note and the relative pitch
of that note as it relates to the piano keyboard.
Find MIDDLE C above...notice how the Treble Clef goes up from middle C while
the Bass Clef notes go down from Middle C.
FLATS and SHARPS: As previously stated, every note on a line or space
on the staff has a pitch. This pitch can be raised or lowered in whole
steps by going from one note to the next...OR the pitch can be
raised or lowered in half steps by using SHARPS and FLATS.
The notes in the illustration above could be raised or lowered
one half tone by using sharps or flats. On a piano...the black keys
are used to play these half tones.
- SHARPS are indicated by the "#" sign.
- A SHARP raises the musical tone by one half step (Ex: from C to C#).
- FLATS are indicated by the "b" sign.
- A FLAT lowers the musical tone by one half step (Ex: D to Db)
NOTE: Two exceptions to always using the black keys to make
a note sharp or flat is B and C....and E and F. You'll
notice these two white keys are side by side with no black key
in between. These 4 notes are the only exception to whole tone
increases between notes. For example...E# is F...and Fb is E.
Here you see the diatonic harmonica with the notes each whole plays.
The first note is the BLOW note and the second note is the DRAW note.
In the next example you will which notes on the staff correspond to which
hole (blow or draw) in the diatonic harmonica. The Diatonic harmonica is
constructed to play whole notes only.
It is possible to play flats and sharps on diatonic harmonicas, but
this involves an advanced (and somewhat difficult) method known as
NOTE: This illustration is for a diatonic harmonica in the Key of C.
This example shows you the notes on the staff and the corresponding
hole (blow or draw) in the chromatic harmonica.
Notice that the chromatic harmonica, like the piano, can play all
of the whole notes (with the slide left OUT)...AND play sharped and flatted tones
(with the slide pushed IN).